Boys clean up Metuchen’s Dismal Swamp
From left to right: Christopher, Kyle, Daniel, Deven, Kevin, Joesph, Nikolai taking a much needed break.
Troop 17 Eagle Scout Assistant Senior Patrol Leader Nikolai Krebs had an idea for a project for his Eagle Scout rank. That is to clean up and create a trail to the Metuchen Dismal Swamp. This project was a bit ambitious he thought. Building a trail is no easy task and he was sure he could’t do this alone. He soon found himself asking his friends, hoping some would help him. To his surprise, he got more help than he hoped for.
The following friends including their dads volunteered to help: Kyle, Christopher, Anton, Kevin, Mr.Gordon, Deven, Joesph, Daniel, John, Ethan, Steven, Joel, Matthew, Mr. Karlovitch, Ethan, Mr. Gibson, Mr. Zederbaum, Andrew, Rafael, Romeo, John, Mrs. Gough, Ted, Mr. Sepetjian, and Mr. Swedtman.
On the weekend of April 4, 2014, Members of Troop 17 Eagle Scout Project worked to clean up the Metuchen Dismal Swamp. This includes the creation of a trail off of Durham Avenue, that stretches into the Dismal Swamp. The length is about 1/2 a mile, most of which is on an abandoned railroad built in 1942. This railroad was used to transport troops from Camp Kilmer to the Raritan Bay. Many of the troops that used this transport were part of the Normandy Landing. Troop 17 cleared vegetation and evened out the trail to make it easy for visitors to follow the trail.
Thanks Troop 17!
The entrance to the Dismal Swamp can be found at the end of Liberty Street, off of Central Avenue.
More About Metuchen’s Dismal Swamp
Researched and Written By: Arline Zatz
The following information is taken from a brochure made possible in cooperation with the Borough of Metuchen and by a grant awarded under the Watchable Wildlife project, which is managed by the NJ Division of Fish, Game and Wildlife’s Endangered and Nongame Species Program. Funding for the grant was provided by the US Fish and Wildlife Service, the US Environmental Protection Agency, and proceeds from the sale of Conserve Wildlife license plates.
What is Dismal Swamp?
Designated by the US. Fish and Wildlife Service and the US. Environmental Protection Agency as a priority wetlands area, it is:
- one of Metuchen’s inmost unique natural resources
- a unique habitat for flora and fauna
- an unusual and regionally rare wetlands area
- an area important to water systems
- a flood storage facility
How large is it?
Dismal Swamp covers nearly 650 acres. A 12-acre portion of its wetland and upland area is located in Metuchen.
What is its history?
Relics found in the swamp and upland section, including stone axes, spear heads, and arrow points show evidence that man used this area since prehistoric times.
Maps have given clues to the wetland’s past use. During the 1700s, a vineyard existed in the swamp’s southern portion, and viniculture was an important local farming endeavor during the late 18th and 19th centuriesB. y the early1 900s a Russian exile settlement had been established where the swamp borders Metuchen. Today, only street names bear witness to this settlement.
How did the name originate?
Historians believe the name was derived from Dismal Brook, a narrow stream that flowed throush the area.
What is Dismal Swamp’s geological makeup?
The Passaic Formation found in the swamp consists of sedimentary rock composed of red brown shale developed over millions of years from small, wandering water courses.
Why is Dismal Swamp unique?
- It represents one of the last remaining wetland ecosystems located in a highly urbanized environment
- Its wetlands provide natural flood control
- It is prime wildlife habitat
- It is useful for our economy: It influences a downstream fishery of the Raritan River Basin via the Bound and Green Brooks
- By filtering pollutants, it maintains water quality
- It appealst o naturel overs
Natural Resources In Dismal Swamp
The upland area, a deciduous forest with mature trees over 50 years old, includes the northern red oak; American beech; shagbark hickory; grey birch; and flowering dogwood.
The open areas contain numerous herbaceous species including asters, goldenrod, milkweed, bulrushes, cinnamon fern, club moss, jewelweed, mayapple, lady’s slipper, sensitive fern, skunk cabbage, starflower, trout lily, spring beauty, and wood anemone.
The wetlands area contains plant species such as the red maple, sweet gum, high bush blueberry, swamp azalea and arrow root.
Metuchen’s Disrnal Swamp supports a diverse and extensive number of wildlife species. An estimated 165 species of birds are found here, as well as a variety of amphibians, reptiles, and mammals. Dismal Swamp is also home to eight reptile species. Of particular importance is the presence of the loggerhead shrike, which is on the Federal threatened and endangered species list. Mammals include the eastern chipmunk, eastern cottontail rabbit, gray squirrel, muskrat, raccoon, red fox, white-tailed deer and woodchuck.
Directions to Metuchen’s Dismal Swamp
Follow Route 27 to Route 501 in Metuchen. Proceed onto Central Avenue, and at Liberty Street, turn left, continue to
the end. There is a sign marking the trail entrance.